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Pacific Lutheran University

Inquiry. Service. Leadership. Care.

Resources for response to world, national, and local events

A guide to article permalinks that can be used in email and social media.


Racism & Hate & Bias

Anti-Asian Violence

[Open Access] Croucher, S., Nguyen, T., & Rahmani, D. (2020). Prejudice Toward Asian Americans in the Covid-19 Pandemic: The Effects of Social Media Use in the United States. Frontiers in Communication, 5.
Using integrated threat theory, this study explores the links between prejudice/hate toward Asians-Americans, in particular Chinese, and social media use.

[Open Access] Le, D., Arora, M., & Stout, C. (2020). Are You Threatening Me? Asian‐American Panethnicity in the Trump Era. Social Science Quarterly, 101(6), 2183–2192.
The use of anti‐Asian and anti‐immigrant messaging during the 2016 election, and the enactment of discriminatory policies once elected, increased feelings of panethnic linked fate among Asian Americans.

[Open Access] Russell Jeung Ph.D., Aggie Yellow Horse, Ph.D., Tara Popovic, and Richard Lim (2021). STOP AAPI HATE NATIONAL REPORT; 3/19/20 – 2/28/21. 
This report covers the 3,795 incidents received by the Stop AAPI Hate reporting center from March 19, 2020 to February 28, 2021. The number of hate incidents reported to our center represent only a fraction of the number of hate incidents that actually occur, but it does show how vulnerable Asian Americans are to discrimination, and the types of discrimination they face.

Gover, A. R., Harper, S. B., & Langton, L. (2020). Anti-Asian Hate Crime During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Exploring the Reproduction of Inequality. American Journal of Criminal Justice45(4), 647–667.
As COVID-19 proliferated across the United States, Asian Americans reported a surge in racially motivated hate crimes involving physical violence and harassment. Throughout history, pandemic-related health crises have been associated with the stigmatization and "othering" of people of Asian descent.

Chen, H., Trinh, J., & Yang, G. (2020). Anti-Asian sentiment in the United States – COVID-19 and history. The American Journal of Surgery, 220(3), 556–557.
In spite of the progress made towards racial justice and equality within the past decades, many Asian Americans have never felt fully accepted in American society and continue to be treated as perpetual foreigners.

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