It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
1. Read the information you intend to include several times. Make sure you understand it and how you intend to use it in your paper.
2. Put the source aside and re-state what it says in your own words. It may help to do this out loud, and then write down what you've said.
3. Check your paraphrase against the source. Have you captured its meaning? Does what you wrote fit with your own writing style? Is there anything in the source that you absolutely cannot state in another way? (If so, put quotes around that part.)
4. Put an in-text citation at the end of your paraphrase.
When to Cite...When not to Cite
You must include a citation when:
Directly quoting or paraphrasing another source
Summarizing the contents of another source
Citing data that you yourself did not collect and are not reporting for the first time
Including a fact or opinion that is not generally known or easily checked
For more on when to cite, see these resources:
Nursing, Business, Psychology & other Social Science courses at PLU generally require students to use the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) for research papers.