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Pacific Lutheran University

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Turabian: How Do I Cite

About Turabian Citations

Much like Chicago style, Turabian has two citation systems notes-bibliography style (or simply bibliography style) and parenthetical citations–reference list style (or reference list style). The following examples were taken from the University of Chicago Press website.

Check with your Professor to verify which of the two you should use.

For more examples see chapters 16 and 17 of Turabian’s Manual for bibliography style and chapters 18 and 19 for reference list style.

Reference List Style

Reference list style (a parenthetical citation [P], followed by a reference list entry [R]). Examples taken from Chicago University Press.

Book

P:(Doniger 1999, 65)

R:Doniger, Wendy. 1999. Splitting the difference. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Chapter of a Book

P:(Wiese 2006, 101–2)

R:Wiese, Andrew. 2006. “The house I live in”: Race, class, and African American suburban dreams in the postwar United States. In The new suburban history, ed. Kevin M. Kruse and Thomas J. Sugrue, 99–119. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Book (Electronic)

P:(Kurland and Lerner 1987)

R:Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. 1987. The founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/ (accessed June 27, 2006).

Journal (Print)

P:(Smith 1998, 639)

R:Smith, John Maynard. 1998. The origin of altruism. Nature 393: 639–40.

Journal (Electronic)

P:(Hlatky et al. 2002)

R:Hlatky, Mark A., Derek Boothroyd, Eric Vittinghoff, Penny Sharp, and Mary A. Whooley. 2002. Quality-of-life and depressive symptoms in postmenopausal women after receiving hormone therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS) trial. Journal of the American Medical Association 287, no. 5 (February 6), http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo (accessed January 7, 2004).

Magazine Article

P:(Martin 2002, 84)

R:Martin, Steve. 2002. Sports-interview shocker. New Yorker, May 6.

Newspaper

P:(Niederkorn 2002)

R:Niederkorn, William S. 2002. A scholar recants on his “Shakespeare” discovery. New York Times, June 20, Arts section, Midwest edition.

Web Source

P:(Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees)

R:Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees. Evanston Public Library strategic plan, 2000–2010: A decade of outreach. Evanston Public Library. http://www.epl.org/library/strategic-plan-00.html (accessed June 1, 2005).

Notes Style

In bibliography style (a note [N], followed by a bibliographic entry [B]) examples taken from Chicago University Press

Book

N:1. Wendy Doniger, Splitting the Difference (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999), 65.

B:Doniger, Wendy. Splitting the Difference. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999

Chapter of a Book

N: 5. Andrew Wiese, “‘The House I Live In’: Race, Class, and African American Suburban Dreams in the Postwar United States,” in The New Suburban History, ed. Kevin M. Kruse and Thomas J. Sugrue (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006), 101–2.

B:Wiese, Andrew. “‘The House I Live In’: Race, Class, and African American Suburban Dreams in the Postwar United States.” In The New Suburban History, edited by Kevin M. Kruse and Thomas J. Sugrue, 99–119. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Electronic Book

N:2. Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner, eds., The Founders’ Constitution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/ (accessed June 27, 2006).

B:Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/ (accessed June 27, 2006).

Journal Article (Print)

N:8. John Maynard Smith, “The Origin of Altruism,” Nature 393 (1998): 639.

B:Smith, John Maynard. “The Origin of Altruism.” Nature 393 (1998): 639–40.

Journal Article (Electronic)

N:33. Mark A. Hlatky et al., "Quality-of-Life and Depressive Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women after Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS) Trial," Journal of the American Medical Association 287, no. 5 (2002), http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo (accessed January 7, 2004).

B:Hlatky, Mark A., Derek Boothroyd, Eric Vittinghoff, Penny Sharp, and Mary A. Whooley. "Quality-of-Life and Depressive Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women after Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS) Trial." Journal of the American Medical Association 287, no. 5 (February 6, 2002), http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo (accessed January 7, 2004).

Magazine

N:29. Steve Martin, “Sports-Interview Shocker,” New Yorker, May 6, 2002, 84.

B:Martin, Steve. “Sports-Interview Shocker.” New Yorker, May 6, 2002.

Newspaper

N:10. William S. Niederkorn, “A Scholar Recants on His ‘Shakespeare’ Discovery,” New York Times, June 20, 2002, Arts section, Midwest edition.

B:Niederkorn, William S. “A Scholar Recants on His ‘Shakespeare’ Discovery.” New York Times, June 20, 2002, Arts section, Midwest edition.

Web Source

N:11. Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees, “Evanston Public Library Strategic Plan, 2000–2010: A Decade of Outreach,” Evanston Public Library, http://www.epl.org/library/strategic-plan-00.html (accessed June 1, 2005).

B:Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees. “Evanston Public Library Strategic Plan, 2000–2010: A Decade of Outreach.” Evanston Public Library. http://www.epl.org/library/strategic-plan-00.html (accessed June 1, 2005).